Current Species

Species Update 2009
Species Update July 2010
Plant Species Update June 2012
Amphibians Species Update February 2015
Bird and Bat Box Update February 2015

The woodland now consists of 15,000 trees and shrubs.

Mostly Oak and Ash were planted to link with the existing small Ash wood in the field next door.  They are species well suited to the heavy clay here.


Other tree species planted are:

Large and Small Leaved Lime

Wild Cherry and Bird Cherry

Rowan and Silver Birch on the lighter, sandy patches

Downy Birch, Wild Service Tree, Alder, Aspen, Hornbeam, Holly, Whitebeam, Field Maple, Beech, Walnut, Scots Pine, European Larch.

Crack Willow and Goat (“pussy”) Willow on the wetter areas

Crabapple and Wayfaring Tree on the woodland edges where there is more light


Shrub species planted close together to make thickets:

Hawthorn and Midland Hawthorn 

Alder Buckthorn and Purging Buckthorn

Dog Rose
Guelder Rose

Wild Privet

Spindle on the drier areas


Bird species
noted in spring 2003 by RSPB

Crow: carrion
Sparrow, tree
Tit: blue, marsh and great
Wagtail: yellow and pied
Warbler: willow and garden
Whitethroat, and Lesser Whitethroat
Woodpigeon, feral pigeon

Plant species
Noted in summer 2004 by the County Ecologist, in the grassy areas:

Bird's Foot TrefoilBush Vetch
Buttercup - Bulbous
Buttercup - Creaping
Buttercup - Meadow
Clover - Red
Clover - White
Clover - ZigZag
Cock's Foot
Common Bent
Common Mouse-ear
Common Sorrel
Crested Dog's-tail
Curled Dock
Cut-Leaved Cranesbill
False Oat Grass
Good Friday Grass
Lady's Bedstraw
Lesser Hop Trefoil
Lesser Knapweed
Meadow Barley
Meadow Foxtail
Meadow Vetchling
Pepper Saxifrage
Perennial Rye Grass
Pineapple Mayweed
Rat's-Tail Plantain
Reed Canary Grass
Scarlet Pimpernel
Smooth Meadow Grass
Soft Brome
Sweet Vernal Grass
Thistle - Creeping
Thistle - Prickly Sow
Thistle - Spear
Timothy Grass
Tufted Hair Grass
Yellow Oat Grass
Yorkshire Fog

Dragonfly species
Noted in August 2005 by the Warwickshire Dragonfly Recorder.
All ponds and the stream surveyed 3 August.

Banded Demoiselle
Black-tailed Skimmer
Blue-tailed Damsel
Broad-bodied Chaser
Brown Hawker
Common Darter
Common Blue Damsel
Emerald Damsel
Emperor Dragonfly
Ruddy Darter

Insect Species
Insect survey, 16th August 2005
By John Robbins and his colleagues

It was found during the survey that the rich weed flora was characterized by an extraordinary dearth of associated organisms (insects, mites, fungi), something quite unexpected. Most of the sapling trees and shrubs had no associated organisms -- as one would expect -- but some are starting to appear here and there.

The species of insects found are listed below along with the plant they were found on. The “notes” are interesting as the words “rare”, “uncommon” and “scarce” appear!

1. Eriophyid Mites (recorded as galls: see also Note 4).
Aceria macrochelus Acer campestre Common on a mature boundary tree.
A. ulmicota Ulmus sp. Numbers of heavily galled leaves on 2 plants in hedge.
Eriophyes prunispinosae Prunus spinosa Very local and uncommon in boundary hedge.

Phyllocoptes goniothorax
Crataegus rnonogyna Rare, 1 to a few galls in 3 places in boundary hedges.
- Unidentified Chenopodium Sp. Two small patches of erinea on 1 leaf. Note 5.
2. Aphids
- Tuberculoides borealis Quercus robur A modest-sized colony on an older sapling.
Brachycaudus prunicola Prunus spinosa Many galled leaves in the boundary hedges.
- Uroleucon sonchi Sonchus oleraceus A smallish colony on 1 plant only; 5th C.R..
3. Psyllids
Psyllopsis fraxini Fraxinus excelsior 2 galls on a sapling and 3 on a hounary tree.
- Livia juncorum Juncus articulatus A few galls.
- Cystiphora sonchi Sonchus oleraceus A few dozen galls on 1 plant.
Dasineura fraxini Fraxinus excelsior A few galls in a mature tree. Note 6.
D plicatrix Ruhus fruticosus Several galled leaves at 1 spot only in boundary hedge.
Agromyza reptans Urtica dioica A few mines recently started.
Phytomyza cirsii Cirsium arvense 1 + mines.
5. Lepidoptera See also Note 1
Stigmella atricapitella Quercus robur 2 mines in a sapling.
S. lemniscella Ulmus sp. 2 mines
S. plagicolella Prunus spinosa 2+ first gen. mines.
Lyonetia clerkella Betula pendula 2 mines in a sapling.
- Caloptilia alchimiella Quercus robur A nice recent leaf roll on a boundary tree.
C. stigmatella Salix cinerea 4+ mines/rolls..
Callisto denticulalla Malus domestica 1 + mines/rolls in an older sapling.
Parornix anglicella Crataegus monogyna A few mines/rolls in boundary hedge.
Phyllonorycter blancardella Malus domestica Several mines, mostly in saplings.
P. corylifoliella Crataegus monogyna 1 fresh mine.
- Chrysoestha sexguttella Chenopodium album 2 vacated mines. Note 7.
- Mompha epilobiella Epilobium hirsutum A few attacked shoots on 1 plant; larvae had left to pupate
Endothenia gentianeana Dipsacus fullonum Larva in head (very early date).
- Eucosma obumbratana Sonchus oleraceus A large larva in 1 seedhead. Note 3.
6. Sawflies Note 2.
Fenusa dohrnii Alnus glutinosa. Several mines on saplings.
F. pusiIla Betula pendula c.2 mines in saplings.
Pontania proxima Salix fragilis Several galls on saplings, possibly all 2nd gen.
7. Gall-Wasps
Diplolepsis nervosa Rosa sp. A few galls, still small, in boundary hedge.
D. rosae Rosa sp. 3 small galls in boundary hedge. Note 8..
Andricus kollari Quercus robur A few to several galls on several of the larger saplings.
Neuroterus numismalis do. A few galls on 1 sapling
N. quercus-baccarurn Quercus robur A few to several galls on 3-4 saplings.
8. Coleoptera
2 spot Ladybird Several  
22-spot Ladybird   1. feeding on the oak rriildew.
- Saperda populnea Populus nigra hybrid 1 old gall
9. Fungi.
Erysiphe aquilegiae
v. ranunculi
Ranunculus repens Well established on 1 group of plants.
Microsphaera alphitodes Quercus robur On at least 1 sapling.
Podosphaera clandestina Crataegus monogyna In a few places.
P. leucotricha Malus domestica On at least 3 saplings.
Sawadea bicornis Acer campestre On a few saplings.
Sphaerotheca epilobii Epilobium sp. On 1 plant.
Melampsora caprearum Salix caprea On a few leaves on 1 plant.
M. epitea Salix cinerea On several leaves on at least 2 plants.
Melampsoridium betulinum Betula pendula Quite well established on at least 2 saplings.
Puccinia legenophorae Senecio vulgaris On a few plants. 1 heavily attacked.

1. A small moth larva feeding in individual rose leaflets spun up could not be identified.
2. Several leaves on sapling oaks shewed the effects of former feeding by the larvae of Caliroa annulipes earlier in the summer.
3. This is the first larval record for a species that is quite rare in Warwickshire. Possibly only the 5th CR..
4. Leaves of an exotic Sorbus of the aria group shewed some upwards bulges, possibly due to a mite. This would appear to be a gall new to the British Isles. The mites - if that is what they are - will have been imported with the sapling, which was planted only last year.
5. This is the 3rd British and 2nd Warwickshire record for this rare gall.
6. These galls all appeared to he quite fresh. Some seen at Ufton Fields on 6th August had already opened up to release the midge larvae,
7. These mines were recorded in 6 sites, mostly in the Coventry area, during the 1980s, since when there has been scarcely a record.
8. These bedeguar galls were mostly very tiny; some seen 10 days ago were large. Possibly only one to a few eggs had been laid by the female wasp.

Moth Species
MOTHS recorded 1st August 2006
David Brown and Phill Robbins

Maple Pug
Cloaked Minor
Yellow Shell
Flame Shoulder
Common Carpet
Straw Dot
Silver Y
Dark Arches
Setacious Hebrew Character
Six Striped Rustic
Straw Underwing
Ruby Tiger
Large Yellow Underwing
Dusky Sallow
Common Wainscot

The only moth of note among these is the Maple Pug, which is recorded as “nationally local”. This means that it is nationally significant, appearing only in small localities across the country. However, if more studies were done it might prove to be more common than had originally been thought. Since it was found in Gimswood, on a mature Field Maple (Acer Campestre) in the hedge, it will spread into the new saplings in due course as they mature.

Species Update
Recorded 30th July 2009
Keith Warmington, Mike Slater and Terry Southgate

Small Skipper 17
Large White 10
Small White 5
Green-veined White 3
Brown Argus 1
Common Blue 5 (4m+1f)
Painted Lady 10
Small Tortoiseshell 10+ Larvae
Gatekeeper 18
Meadow Brown 42
Grasshoppers & Crickets
Lesser Marsh Grasshopper 1
Roesel's Bush Cricket 12
Long-winged Conehead 2
Common Darter 7
Southern Hawker 2
Buzzard 1
Great Spotted Woodpecker 1
Stock Dove 1
Yellowhammer 2
Butterflies (Seen, but not tallied)
Essex Skipper
Large Skipper
Small Copper
Red Admiral
Speckled Wood

Species Update
Recorded 9th July 2010

Maple Pug
Brown Scallop
Ruby Tiger
Common Footman
Smoky Wainscot
V Pug
Clouded Silver
Small Fanfoot
Scarce Footman
Brimstone Moth
Scalloped Oak
Common Carpet
Common Emerald
Blood Vein
Single Dotted Wave
Barred Yellow
Willow Beauty
Brown line Bright eye
Riband Wave
Common Rustic
Plain Golden Y
Dingy Shears
Light Emerald
Lesser Yellow Underwing
July Highflyer
Double Square Spot
Common Wave
Dusky Brocade
Double Dart
Dark Umber
Ghost Moth
Dingy Footman
Buff Footman
Dark Arches
Flame Shoulder
Small Dotted Buff
Common Pug
Lilac Beauty
Beautiful Hook-tip
Early Thorn
Green Pug
Buff Arches
Large Yellow Underwing
Heart and Dart
Tawny Marbled Minor
Poplar Grey
The Uncertain
Bright line Brown eye
Pale Prominent
White Satin
Lunar Spotted Pinion
Light Arches
Large Nutmeg
Yellow Shell
Little Emerald
Clouded Border
Poplar Hawkmoth
Setaceous Hebrew Character
Shoulder Striped Wainscot

Best moth was without doubt Double Dart...a species that has recently become very rare in Warks and is also plummeting Nationally.

Plant Species Update
Recorded by J and M Walton June 2012

Alliaria petiolata Garlic Mustard
Alopecurus pratensis Meadow Foxtail
Anthoxanthum odoratum Sweet Vernal Grass
Anthriscus sylvestris Cow-parsley
Apium nodiflorum Fool's Watercress
Arctium minus Lesser burdock
Arrhenatherum elatius False Oat Grass
Bellis perennis Daisy
Bromus hordeaceus Soft brome
Capsella bursa-pastoris Shepherd's Purse
Carex hirta Hairy sedge
Centaurea nigra Black Knapweed
Cerastium fontanum Common mouse-ear
Conium maculatum Hemlock
Convolvulus arvensis Field Bindweed
Crataegus monogyna Hawthorn
Cynosurus cristatus Crested Dogstail
Dactylis glomerata Cocksfoot
Deschampsia caespitosa Tufted Hair-grass
Dipsacus fullonum Teasel
Epilobium hirsutum Great hairy Willowherb
Festuca rubra Red fescue
Filipendula ulmaria Meadowsweet
Galeopsis tetrahit Common Hemp-nettle
Galium aparine Cleavers
Galium verum Lady's bedstraw
Geranium dissectum Cut-leaved Cranesbill
Geum urbanum Wood Avens
Glechoma hederacea Ground-ivy
Heracleum sphondylium Hogweed
Holcus lanatus Yorkshire Fog
Hordeum secalinum Meadow Barley
Lamium album White Deadnettle
Lapsana communis Nipplewort
Lathyrus pratensis Meadow Vetchling
Lolium perenne Perennial Rye-grass
Lotus corniculatus Birdsfoot Trefoil
Luzula campestris Field Woodrush
Malva moschata Musk Mallow
Myosotis arvensis Field Forget-me-not
Persicaria maculosa Redshank
Poa pratensis Smooth Meadow-grass
Poa trivialis Rough Meadow-grass
Potentilla anserina Silverweed
Potentilla reptans Creeping Cinquefoil
Prunella vulgaris Self-heal
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn
Ranunculus acris Meadow Buttercup
Ranunculus bulbosus Bulbous Buttercup
Ranunculus repens Creeping Buttercup
Rhinanthus minor Yellow rattle
Rosa canina Dog Rose
Rubus fruticosus Bramble
Rumex acetosa Common Sorrel
Rumex crispus Curled dock
Rumex obtusifolius Broad-leaved Dock
Salix fragilis var. fragilis Crack Willow
Silaum silaus Pepper saxifrage
Silene dioica Red Campion
Silene flos-cuculi Ragged Robin
Sonchus asper Prickly Sowthistle
Sparganium erectum Branched bur-reed
Taraxacum officinale agg. Dandelion
Trifolium dubium Lesser trefoil
Trifolium pratense Red Clover
Trifolium repens White Clover
Trisetum flavescens Yellow Oat-grass
Ulmus procera English elm
Urtica dioica Common Nettle
Vicia sativa ssp. segetalis Common Vetch

Species Update - Amphibians
Recorded 16 February 2015 by Claire Bullen BSc (Biol) MSc (Natural Conservation)

Since the creation of Gimswood in 2002 regular monitoring of wildlife has taken place.

There have been no sightings of newts or of adult frogs and toads at Gimswood. However, frog spawn and toad spawn, tadpoles, and first-season juveniles have been observed in abundance at wet "scrapes" and ponds dug since Gimswood started. The species are believed to be common frog and common toad. At the commencement of the Gimswood project 5 ponds and many scrapes were dug. Each scrape was typically about 2 -3 m diameter and 50 cm deep. They were dug as an experiment to see what happened in respect of development of natural flora and fauna. Some filled with water and remained wet except in a dry summer; others remained always dry and with some non-grass flora. The locations where there is an annual sighting of tadpoles (subject to water availability) are arrowed in the photograph below. The two pre-existing ponds (marked "A"), used to supply water for livestock, contain turbid water: regular inspections have taken place but there have been no sightings of amphibians in them.

The location of frog and toad tadpoles in the scrapes and ponds depends on the weather and ground conditions each spring. Although none of the locations are affected by floodwater, all are at the lower, wetter end of the site. After a wet winter all the arrowed locations will contain water and be expected to reveal many tadpoles; after a dry winter or spring the scrapes, but not the ponds, are likely to be empty throughout the breeding season. The original source of amphibians at Gimswood is unknown.

Species Update - Bird and Bat Boxes
Recorded 16 February 2015 by Claire Bullen BSc (Biol) MSc (Natural Conservation)

Natural England have sponsored 20 bird boxes and 5 bat boxes. They were installed in January 2014. At the end of the summer season the bird boxes were checked for occupancy.

The primary objective of the provision of bird boxes was to support the indigenous population of tree sparrows. In the event, a survey at the end of the 2014 nesting season revealed that almost all of the boxes had been used successfully for nest building but the great majority, where identification was possible, had been occupied by great tits and blue tits.

The bat boxes were installed adjacent to rides along which bats (species not identified) had been seen foraging in the summer evenings. The locations are in the southwest field where the woodland and insect life development is most mature and there is mature woodland nearby. Unfortunately, although the bat boxes had been obtained from an approved supplier, they were not sufficiently robust. The timber warped and split and the "brass" fittings turned out to be of steel. All of the bat boxes require repair/replacement. There was, however, evidence of droppings either within fallen boxes or below the access apertures, suggesting that bat boxes had been used at least for roosting. The boxes that were damaged will be repaired and it is intended to extend the bat box coverage in 2015.